Every physical sport has its own risks of injuries. The gravity of the injuries differ though as well as the chance of acquiring them. For a high speed sport like cycling, injuries range from minor to major and temporary to permanent injuries. Some can cause a body part to be removed or detached while others can lead to fatality. For cycling, there are two types of injuries to expect. These are overuse or traumatic. Traumatic injuries are visible injuries often acquired through accidents or crashes. On the other hand, overuse injuries are injuries acquired through time spent in cycling. Here are the injuries to expect when cycling both traumatic and overuse according to the body part or area.
- Head Injuries – Among the head injuries you can acquire are skull fracture, concussion and brain contusion. There is a 20 to 50 percent chance of getting head injury during cycling accidents. Intracranial hemorrhage is also a common head injury. The most common cycling accident which has a high chance of head injury is when a cycler collides with a motorcycle. And around 60 percent of these accidents lead to death and permanent disabilities.
- Facial or Eye Injuries – Though facial and eye injuries like contusions, facial fractures and dental fractures can be caused by accidents and collisions, another possible causes are airborne objects like pebbles, smaller stones, dust, birds and insects. Injuries like corneal foreign bodies is among the injuries caused by airborne objects.
- Musculoskeletal Injuries – This includes injuries like fractures, dislocations and strains. These injuries can be acquired through collision on the bicycle parts or other hard objects including the road.
- Chest Injuries – Chest injuries are not as common as head or facial injuries. The usual cause of chest injuries is collision to the bar handles. This includes rib fractures and parenchymal lung injury.
- Abdominal Injuries – Just like chest injuries, abdominal injuries are often caused by collision to the bar handles. It includes splenic rupture, traumatic hernia and pancreatic trauma.
- Neck and Back Injuries – Cervical strains and lower back pains are the common injuries you can acquire over time.
- Handlebar Neuropathies – It includes ulnar nerve and median nerve injuries.
- Saddle Injuries – There are many injuries you can acquire by constantly using the saddle. This includes skin chafing, impotence and saddle sores.
- Hip Injuries – Constant cycling can lead to hip injuries like tendonitis.
- Knee Injuries – The most common knee injury developed from cycling is patellofemoral syndrome.
- Ankle and Foot Injuries – There are many kinds of ankle and foot injuries acquired from cycling such as plantar fasciitis, and Achilles tendonitis.
There is a higher chance of acquiring either traumatic and overuse cycling injuries in competitive cycling sports than general cycling activities. The distance covered and the stress in pro cycling are the primary reason of the increased risk.